Known in the family as Moretta, Viktoria was raised in the English way and was the oldest of the three daughters, including Sophie and Margaret, who were the closest to their mother. The older three children, Wilhelm, Charlotte and Heinrich, had become estranged from their parents, and the attention lavished on the younger three daughters only increased the animosity.
In 1881, Viktoria’s mother invited Alexander of Battenberg to the Prussian court to meet her daughter as she had earmarked the young prince as a possible match for Viktoria. Alexander was handsome and dashing so it was hardly surprising Viktoria obliged her parents by falling in love with him, however her grandfather, Wilhelm I, opposed the match as he was afraid the Russians would not approve. Alexander had been selected as the sovereign Prince of Bulgaria and his current actions were causing a great deal of animosity in Russia. After a great deal of arguing, Viktoria’s parents abandoned the notion of a wedding and the young princess was left heartbroken.
Viktoria’s mother promised her daughter a suitable groom and a marriage was eventually arranged with Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe, a younger son of Adolf I, on 19 November 1890. In the first few months of the marriage, Viktoria became pregnant but it ended in a miscarriage and she did not conceive again before Adolf’s death on 9 July 1916.
On 19 November 1927, Viktoria married Alexander Zoubkoff, a Russian refugee, against the advice of her siblings. Zoubkoff was 35 years younger than the princess who had become increasingly vulnerable and he wasted no time in squandering the meagre fortune she possessed. Bankrupt, Viktoria had to sell the contents of the Schaumburg Palace at auction to pay her creditors, however there was little interest and the auction proceeds only paid one-third of the debts. After the auction, Viktoria moved into a single furnished room in the Bonn suburb of Mehlem where she started divorce proceedings but she died of pneumonia on 13 November 1929 before the matter could be resolved. Having never gotten the change to reconcile with her family, Viktoria was buried in the Schlosshotel Kronberg in Taunus, Hesse.